Ranka Hospital in Pune, is a centre for excellence in the diagnosis, intervention and aftercare of all spinal conditions and complaints. Our team is led by leading Spine Surgeons who comprise a multi-disciplinary team, able to treat almost any spinal condition. Conditions treated by our team of Spine Surgeons include sciatica, kyphosis, slip disc, spinal infection and spinal stenosis.
Ranka Hospital provides comprehensive orthopedic spine care, it brings together leading medical experts from disciplines like orthopedics, neurosurgery, pain management, rehabilitation and psychiatry in our state-of-the-art facility in Pune. No more going from doctor to doctor, clinic to clinic. Our Spine Specialist team will jointly create a treatment plan individualized for you, your pain and your goals.
Some of the common conditions treated through minimally invasive surgeries performed by one of the leading spine surgeon in Pune are:
- Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)
- Total Disc Replacement (Arthroplasty)
- Spinal Fusion
- Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (LLIF)
- Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF)
- Spine Deformity
About the Spine: The spine is made of 33 individual bones stacked one on top of the other.
The neck region of the spine is known as the Cervical Spine. This region consists of seven vertebrae, which are abbreviated C1 through C7 (top to bottom). These vertebrae protect the brain stem and the spinal cord, support the skull, and allow for a wide range of head movement.
Beneath the last cervical vertebra are the 12 vertebrae of the Thoracic Spine. These are abbreviated T1 through T12 (top to bottom). T1 is the smallest and T12 is the largest thoracic vertebra. The thoracic vertebrae are larger than the cervical bones and have longer spinous processes.
The Lumbar Spine has 5 vertebrae abbreviated L1 through L5 (largest). The size and shape of each lumbar vertebra is designed to carry most of the body’s weight. Each structural element of a lumbar vertebra is bigger, wider and broader than similar components in the cervical and thoracic regions.
The Sacrum is located behind the pelvis. Five bones (abbreviated S1 through S5) fused into a triangular shape, form the sacrum. The sacrum fits between the two hipbones connecting the spine to the pelvis. The last lumbar vertebra (L5) articulates (moves) with the sacrum.
Immediately below the sacrum are five additional bones, fused together to form the Coccyx (tailbone).
Spinal Conditions treated at Ranka Hospital:
- Scoliosis: It is a condition where the spine or back bone is curved sideways instead of appearing in a straight line. It curves like an “S” or “C” shape. Larger curves cause discomfort while the small curves do not cause any problems. Treatment for scoliosis is based on the assessment of the curve, cause, and age of the patient. Mild scoliosis (less than 25°) may not require treatment and will be observed by the physician for every 4 to 6 months for any progression in the curve. Bracing may be needed if the curve is more than 30° to help to slow the progression of scoliosis. Surgery is an option for individuals with severe scoliosis (curve>40°) to stop the curve from getting worse. The most common surgical procedure is correction, stabilization and fusion of the curve.
- Kyphosis: Kyphosis is a condition where an abnormal curvature of the spine occurs in the thoracic region resulting in round back appearance. Treatment depends on the cause of the condition and may include bracing, physical therapy, medications and surgery. Bracing may be necessary to prevent the curve from worsening, if the cause of kyphosis is Scheuermann’s disease. Physical therapy (exercise program) may be recommended to increase range of motion, flexibility, and strength. If caused due to osteoporosis, medications may be prescribed to prevent future compression fractures. Surgery may be recommended if kyphosis is debilitating and painful and does not respond to conservative treatment methods.
- Degenerative disc disease: Degenerative disc disease refers to gradual deterioration of the disc between the vertebrae and is caused due to aging. As people age, intervertebral discs lose their flexibility, elasticity, and shock absorbing characteristics. Depending on the location of degenerative disc, it could cause back pain, radiating leg pain, neck pain, and radiating arm pain.
- Compression of the spinal cord: Degenerative disc disease may cause narrowing of the spaces between the vertebral bodies, which indicate that the disc has become very thin or has collapsed. As a result, the space available for the nerve roots starts to shrink. The nerve roots leave the spinal canal through a bony tunnel called the neural foramen, and it is at neural foramen the nerve roots may get compressed. Compression of the spinal cord causes pain, difficulties with mobility, bladder control problems, weakness and fatigue.
- Cervical Stenosis: Cervical stenosis refers to narrowing of the spinal canal that protects the spinal cord and its branching nerves. The condition causes neck pain radiating to arms and hands, numbness or weakness in the legs. This condition causes cervical myelopathy and cervical radiculopathy. The abnormal pressure placed on the spinal cord causes damage and results in spinal cord dysfunction. This condition is known as myelopathy. Cervical radiculopathy occurs when the nerve root connecting the spinal cord is injured or pinched as they exit the spinal canal. Myeloradiculopathy occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord and nerve roots.
- Cervical Disc Herniation: A cervical disc herniation is a condition affecting the neck, in which the outer fibers surrounding the disc (annulus fibrosis) may cause tears or cracks. As a result of this the soft central portion called nucleus pulposus bulges out through the tear in the capsule. The condition can be caused by the normal aging, or by traumatic injury to the spine. The condition results in painful burning, tingling or numbing sensations in the neck, shoulders, arms and hands.
- Cervical Spondylosis: Cervical spondylosis refers to disorder in which there is abnormal degeneration of the cartilage and bones of the neck. The condition results in neck pain radiating to arms or shoulder and neck stiffness that gets worse over time.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: It is an auto-immune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks healthy joints, tissues, and organs. The condition occurs most often in women of childbearing age causing inflammation of the lining (or synovium) of joints resulting in pain, stiffness, swelling, and loss of function in joints.